Swiss Ambassador to Armenia Lukas Gasser: Switzerland will try to contribute to a peaceful settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict without questioning the established formats such as the OSCE Minsk process
by Marianna Mkrtchyan
The Walk Free Foundation, an Australian-based organization, has released a 'Global Slavery Index'. It shows the number of people in modern slavery across the world, and ranks 162 countries accordingly. Armenia is ranked the 57th out of 162 countries.
According to the document, over 10,000 people live in conditions of slavery in Armenia. The neighboring Georgia and Azerbaijan were ranked the 50th and 51st, respectively, with 16,000 and over 33,000 people. Russia was the worst-faring European country in the list. With more than 500,000 people living in conditions of slavery, it ranked 49th in the proportionate table. According to the ranking, India has almost 14 million people living in conditions of slavery - nearly half of the entire number of 30 million worldwide. In terms of proportion of its population, Mauritania ranked the worst - with as many as 4 per cent of its people regarded as slaves largely because they inherit the status from their ancestors. The UK was ranked joint-last in this proportionate table, tied 160th with Ireland and Iceland, but the report carried a strong warning that this does not mean they are slavery free. The relatively slavery free states are Denmark, Finland, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and New Zealand.
Countries ranked by estimated number of slaves: India - 13,956,010, China - 2,949,243, Pakistan - 2,127,132, Nigeria - 701,032, Ethiopia - 651,110, Russia - 516,217, Thailand - 472,811, DR Congo - 462,327, Burma - 384,037, Bangladesh - 343,192,
Proportionate ranking: Mauritania, Haiti, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Moldova, Benin, Ivory Coast, The Gambia, Gabon.
WFF classed a number of different practices, customs and abuses under the broad term of slavery, which included debt bondage, forced marriage, human trafficking and the use of child soldiers. The numbers produced are estimates, based on a detailed analysis of government reports, statistical releases and the work of non-profit organizations.