Swiss Ambassador to Armenia Lukas Gasser: Switzerland will try to contribute to a peaceful settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict without questioning the established formats such as the OSCE Minsk process
by Marianna Mkrtchyan
People in countries worldwide perceive government corruption as a widespread problem, Gallup says. This includes countries with a free press -- an indicator of good governance and development -- and those where media freedom is limited. Among countries with a free press, the percentage of adults who say corruption is widespread in their government reaches as high as 94% in the Czech Republic and as low as 14% in Sweden.
According to the report, among the South Caucasus countries the most favorable situation is in Georgia (only 25% view government corruption as widespread). In Azerbaijan this index made up 62%.
Questions about corruption are so sensitive in some countries that even if Gallup is allowed to ask them, the results may reflect residents' reluctance to criticize their government. This is particularly true in countries where media freedom is restricted, which is why it is appropriate to look at perceptions through lenses such as Freedom House's Press Freedom rankings. However, regardless of their press freedom, Gallup's latest Global States of Mind report shows majorities in 108 out of 129 countries surveyed in 2012 say corruption is widespread in their government.
Among the group of countries whose press is not free (including Armenia - 74%), residents of Rwanda (5%) and Singapore (15%) are the least likely to say corruption is widespread in their governments. Both countries are often regarded as role models when it comes to fighting graft. In Belarus 36% of the respondents said corruption is widespread in their government, while in Russia this index made up 80%.
Among countries with a partly free press, residents of Georgia (25%) and Hong Kong (30%) are the least likely to say that corruption is widespread in their government. In Turkey this index made up 53%. Tanzania, Kenya and Greece are the most likely to say that corruption is widespread in their government - 95%, 93% and 92%, respectively.
Results are based on face-to-face and telephone interviews with approximately 1,000 adults per country, aged 15 and older, conducted in 2012 in 129 countries. For results based on the total samples, one can say with 95% confidence that the maximum margin of sampling error ranges from +1.7 percentage points to +5.6 percentage points.