Newsfeed

Vice Speaker of Armenian Parliament: Madrid Principles are not the key element of the Karabakh peace process

US "deeply concerned" on criminal charges against Yunus family

US Department of State: It will take weeks to restore full visa processing capacity

VTB critical of EU's decision to restrict its access to capital markets

Rostelecom launches 40Gbs network in Yerevan

Electric power tariffs rise for population of Armenia on 1 August

Audit Chamber of Armenia calls silly statement claiming that ex-head of Pension Fund 'paid' $250,000 to Audit Chamber's leadership

Orange Foundation helps opening a new computer center in Pemzashen village, Shirak marz

Nominee for U.S. ambassador to Turkey: "Facilitating Armenia's regional integration by opening its border with Turkey will be one of my key goals as Ambassador"

Georgi Kolarov: The second Nagorno-Karabakh war is inevitable

Russian Embassy in Armenia gives a harsh response to the U.S. Embassy

Participants in Beeline's Fortune drawing campaign awarded prizes

Yerevan-Sevan-Ijevan-Azeri border highway to be open in late August

Armenian FM: Through its destructive stance Azerbaijan hinders the Nagorno-Karabakh peace progress

Up to 45% of Armenian citizens are potential emigrants

US Embassy urges Armenian businessmen to refrain from contacts with Russian companies

A leopard family in the south of Armenia gives birth to two cubs

Two Armenian soldiers die because of the Azerbaijani sabotage attack at the line of contact

Human rights activist Leyla and Arif Yunus are accused of secret collaboration with Armenian special services

Member-churches of World Council of Churches going to recognize Armenian Genocide in 2015

NKR foreign minister: Nagorno-Karabakh is where Europe begins

On Aug 2 South Caucasus Railway's commuter trains will be free of charge all over Armenia

Worker killed by a rock fall at perlite deposit in Aragatsavan

Azeris continue firing at Armenia's borderline villages

Serzh Sargsyan: OSCE Minsk Group has suggested principles that can serve as pivot for settling Nagorno-Karabakh conflict

Paruyr Hayrikyan: Armenia and Ukraine have a common "frenemy" in the person of Russia

Electric Networks of Armenia is going to dispute Public Services Regulatory Commission's decision to impose a 15mln AMD fine on it

Economist: In face of economic sanctions against Russia, it is necessary to speed up the process for creating Eurasian Economic Union

Economist: The West's sanctions against Russia will affect the Armenian economy

Rostelecom launches online payment service

Public Services Regulatory Commission of Armenia imposes a 15mln AMD fine on Electric Networks of Armenia

Oppositionist: Interests and viewpoints of Stepanakert do not necessarily coincide with those of Yerevan

Oppositionist: Interests and viewpoints of Stepanakert do not necessarily coincide with those of Yerevan

Ashot Manuicharyan: Armenian President's function is to answer "yes, sir!" and to go do it

Deputy Prime Minister of Azerbaijan criticizes the ICRC again

Nature protection minister charges to resolve problems of several tailing dumps on Syunik region

Official stance of VTB Bank OJSC and VTB Bank (Armenia) CJSC on U.S. sanctions

RPA member: Nagorno-Karabakh Prime Minister's statement had no message to negotiators

Ashot Manucharyan: Armenia may face chaos or isolation at any moment

Armenia joins World Day against Trafficking in Persons

Lake Sevan is among top ten attractions in post-Soviet preferred by Russian people

Leyla Yunus is at Prosecutor General's Office, Arif Yunus decides to "give up"

Pre-Parliament: The overarching goal for all Armenians is the formation of a representative government in Armenia

The OSCE is ready to assist in any way possible to stop the cease-fire violations in karabakh conflict zone, Andrzej Kasprzyk says

US Department of State: Media outlets of Armenia published inaccurate articles portraying religious minorities as criminals and spies

Levon Hayrapetyan loses consciousness on Wednesday morning

Public Services Regulatory Commission decides to reduce tariffs of some services of ArmenTel CJSC

Poaching and illegal hunting tours endanger birds in Armenia

The NKR premier: The Madrid Principles are certainly unacceptable to us

Armenian Copper Programme cuts blister copper production by 13.5%

Fasih Baderhan: Anglo-Saxons have started rather a dangerous and dirty game with Islamism as part of their strategy of destroying national states

ArmInfo’s interview with Fasih Baderhan, senior research fellow at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Science, Ph.D.

  • by David Stepanyan

  • Sunday, January 12, 15:37

Mr. Baderhan, what are the reasons of Iran's so cautious involvement in the geopolitical processes in the South Caucasus? In this light, Armenia is a certain exception.

 

 Surely, Tehran has big interests in the South Caucasus, but caution is the key factor determining Iran's foreign policy course. Actually, Iran's behavior in the Central Asian vector of its foreign policy is similar. In this light, Tehran's major goal is so far Armenia, a country Iran keeps building serious cooperation with in a number of fields. Such policy is based on the problems with Azerbaijan, on the one hand, and on the problems with Georgia - a country in the orbit of the US policy - on the other hand.

 Sure enough, after Geneva, the US undertook a policy of certain rapprochement with Iran, which might mean that Iran's policy in the South Caucasus has changed. Nevertheless, I am sure that this is not the final course of the West in the South Caucasus. They in Tehran are well aware of Russia's intentions in the region. Considering that the relations with the northern neighbor are a priority for Iran, Tehran will hardly go on any steps that may spoil those relations so far.  In this light, I think, the South Caucasus peoples should "turn to the north". Historically, the countries in the region have been turning to the power they expected less evil from. They used to turn to Russia, a country that has always been more liberal in both social and religious issues. Considering the latest geopolitical shifts in the region, I don't think that the situation has changed since then.

 

The Big Middle East has been subjected to geopolitical shakes following the Arab revolutions. What trends do you see in the given situation?

The recent display of the geo-political shifts caused by the Arab revolutions, resulted in the power change in Egypt.

That is to say, it is the Egyptian army that sharply changed geo-strategy in the region. The key evidence of changing the situation is the fact that according to their traditions, Anglo-Saxondom ran towards today's strong player of the region - Iran, undoubtedly.

Incidentally, Teheran has already proved that it is strong. So, at present a new stage of relations is starting between Iran and the West. These relations seem to develop very much seriously.

 It is hard to say how these new changes will affect the situation in the region including in the South Caucasus. However, one thing is obvious - Iran is a part of the world Islamism presented, for instance, by "The Brother-Muslims".  I am sure that changing of the Iranian policy regarding Egypt, directly linked with power changing from "The Brother-Muslims" to servicemen, has been demonstrating rather a loyal attitude of Teheran to Islamism.

 Undoubtedly, Turkey is also a part of the Islam world. Although, in general the Turkish society does not welcome radical Islamism so much, nevertheless, there are such moods in the Turkish society and they are gradually growing. Recep Erdogan's attempts to base himself upon these moods are evidence of that, although 90% of the Turkish society is against his policy regarding Syria. In such conditions, the Anglo-Saxondom has nothing to do but, at least, try to chum in with Iran.

 Russia's growing role in the Middle East affairs has become evident after the decisions on the Syrian political crisis. What developments do you anticipate in the given dimension?

 In this light, there is need for an Iran-Turkey-Russia triangle. I am not very optimistic about the prospects of such union, indeed, but the interests of these actors coincide in many aspects. I mean the Syrian crisis, and the South Caucasus. Turkey has seriously yielded its positions in both Syria and the South Caucasus. Turkey's leadership is still making boastful official statements, while the reality is quite different. Therefore, Ankara cannot but reckon with Moscow in its actions in Syria and South Caucasus countries.

  What consequences will Iran's rapprochement with the West have for the South Caucasus countries?

 It is difficult to say now what consequences Iran's rapprochement with the West will have for the South Caucasus countries. However, it is known for certain that if Anglo-Saxons involve in these processes, they will never reckon with the interests of the countries in the region. This was historically proved yet long ago.

 Anlgo-Saxons have been traditionally waging, to put it mildly, not so honest policy towards the region.  Meanwhile, Russia's policy at the given stage of history is absolutely transparent and honest and in line with the international law. I mean the fight of two global strategies and not ideologies. These are the strategy of Russia and China to preserve the national states, one the one side, and the strategy of Anglo- Saxons to destroy those states, on the other side. The line of contact of these two strategies is now in Syria where the further world order is now being decided.

 The Anglo-Saxons have started rather a dangerous and dirty game with Islamism as part of their strategy. In other words, revolutions in the Middle East launched new global restructuring. Meanwhile, the previous restructuring put an end to the West's key rival - the Soviet Union. I am sure that there would be no revolutions in the Arab-Muslim world but for the first restructuring.  What will happen after Iran's rapprochement with the West will become clear very soon, anyway.

 You have mentioned that Turkey has yielded its positions in the region. Will Iran be able to take the role of Turkey in the region in the context of the latest geo-political shifts? 

 Nobody has cancelled competition between Turkey and Iran in the region. It is obviously displayed now. Turkey still preserves big chances for leadership in the Sunnite world. Of course, the Shiite Iran is trying to take certain steps for extension of its influence in the Sunnite world. Sometimes, it succeeds, sometimes - not so much. For this reason, at present stage one should not expect that Iran may replace Turkey in the region. 

 Each of these regional superpowers has its own role in the region. Historically, there were three regional superpowers in the Middle East: Turkey, Iran and Egypt. All the last geo-political shifts have not yet made noticeable changes in this status-quo.

Send to a friend

To (e-mail)


Your name


Message


Comments

View comments (0)
  • READ ALL COMMENTS
  • POST A COMMENT

Be first to comment on this article

* Indicates required fields