by Tatevik Shahunyan
Constitution of any country reflects and determines its vital functions, as all the other legislative acts are based on the Basic Law. Consequently, if there are any gaps in the legislative regulation of issues, there is need for constitutional reform. Hovhanness Sahakyan, Head of the Armenian National Assembly Committee for State and Legal Affairs, made such statement talking to ArmInfo.
"One should not deny that many problems are subjective and have no legislative reasons. It does not mean, however, that there is no need for constitutional reform. Yet in the Middle Ages, the Armenian people were guided by the studies on jurisprudence by Mkhitar Gosh and other thinkers of the time. In the 21st century, we cannot but have a perfect Constitution that gives no reason for subjective interpretation of its norms," he said.
Speaking of the logic of the Constitutional reform, he said in 1995 when the bases of the Armenian statehood were being established, the Constitutions exactly defined the forms of the state government institutes. At the constitutional reform of 2005, when the issues of statehood establishment were not longer relevant, the emphasis was put on the human rights and freedoms. As for the upcoming constitutional reform, it looks to establish specific constitutional guarantees for exercise of these rights and freedoms.
Asked about the change of the government system from the semi-presidential into parliamentary one, Sahakyan said that he is for a strong presidential form of government. "In conditions of the unresolved Karabakh conflict, the strong presidential system of government is the optimal choice for Armenia, because specific persons must be responsible for specific decisions. It is my personal point of view," he said.
To recall, the President initiated a project of constitutional reforms that feature transition to the parliamentary system of government in Armenia. The document, particularly, calls to expand the parliament's supervisory powers, authorize the legislative body to elect the president for a 7-year term. Sargsyan assures he does not seek the prime minister's post.
On July 5 Armenia celebrates the Constitution Day. The Constitution was adopted in 1995. On 27 November 2005, the document underwent certain amendments under president Robert Kocharyan.