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Vice Speaker of Armenian Parliament: Madrid Principles are not the key element of the Karabakh peace process

US "deeply concerned" on criminal charges against Yunus family

US Department of State: It will take weeks to restore full visa processing capacity

VTB critical of EU's decision to restrict its access to capital markets

Rostelecom launches 40Gbs network in Yerevan

Electric power tariffs rise for population of Armenia on 1 August

Audit Chamber of Armenia calls silly statement claiming that ex-head of Pension Fund 'paid' $250,000 to Audit Chamber's leadership

Orange Foundation helps opening a new computer center in Pemzashen village, Shirak marz

Nominee for U.S. ambassador to Turkey: "Facilitating Armenia's regional integration by opening its border with Turkey will be one of my key goals as Ambassador"

Georgi Kolarov: The second Nagorno-Karabakh war is inevitable

Russian Embassy in Armenia gives a harsh response to the U.S. Embassy

Participants in Beeline's Fortune drawing campaign awarded prizes

Yerevan-Sevan-Ijevan-Azeri border highway to be open in late August

Armenian FM: Through its destructive stance Azerbaijan hinders the Nagorno-Karabakh peace progress

Up to 45% of Armenian citizens are potential emigrants

US Embassy urges Armenian businessmen to refrain from contacts with Russian companies

A leopard family in the south of Armenia gives birth to two cubs

Two Armenian soldiers die because of the Azerbaijani sabotage attack at the line of contact

Human rights activist Leyla and Arif Yunus are accused of secret collaboration with Armenian special services

Member-churches of World Council of Churches going to recognize Armenian Genocide in 2015

NKR foreign minister: Nagorno-Karabakh is where Europe begins

On Aug 2 South Caucasus Railway's commuter trains will be free of charge all over Armenia

Worker killed by a rock fall at perlite deposit in Aragatsavan

Azeris continue firing at Armenia's borderline villages

Serzh Sargsyan: OSCE Minsk Group has suggested principles that can serve as pivot for settling Nagorno-Karabakh conflict

Paruyr Hayrikyan: Armenia and Ukraine have a common "frenemy" in the person of Russia

Electric Networks of Armenia is going to dispute Public Services Regulatory Commission's decision to impose a 15mln AMD fine on it

Economist: In face of economic sanctions against Russia, it is necessary to speed up the process for creating Eurasian Economic Union

Economist: The West's sanctions against Russia will affect the Armenian economy

Rostelecom launches online payment service

Public Services Regulatory Commission of Armenia imposes a 15mln AMD fine on Electric Networks of Armenia

Oppositionist: Interests and viewpoints of Stepanakert do not necessarily coincide with those of Yerevan

Oppositionist: Interests and viewpoints of Stepanakert do not necessarily coincide with those of Yerevan

Ashot Manuicharyan: Armenian President's function is to answer "yes, sir!" and to go do it

Deputy Prime Minister of Azerbaijan criticizes the ICRC again

Nature protection minister charges to resolve problems of several tailing dumps on Syunik region

Official stance of VTB Bank OJSC and VTB Bank (Armenia) CJSC on U.S. sanctions

RPA member: Nagorno-Karabakh Prime Minister's statement had no message to negotiators

Ashot Manucharyan: Armenia may face chaos or isolation at any moment

Armenia joins World Day against Trafficking in Persons

Lake Sevan is among top ten attractions in post-Soviet preferred by Russian people

Leyla Yunus is at Prosecutor General's Office, Arif Yunus decides to "give up"

Pre-Parliament: The overarching goal for all Armenians is the formation of a representative government in Armenia

The OSCE is ready to assist in any way possible to stop the cease-fire violations in karabakh conflict zone, Andrzej Kasprzyk says

US Department of State: Media outlets of Armenia published inaccurate articles portraying religious minorities as criminals and spies

Levon Hayrapetyan loses consciousness on Wednesday morning

Public Services Regulatory Commission decides to reduce tariffs of some services of ArmenTel CJSC

Poaching and illegal hunting tours endanger birds in Armenia

The NKR premier: The Madrid Principles are certainly unacceptable to us

Armenian Copper Programme cuts blister copper production by 13.5%

Gia Nodia: Not the shortage of territories but finding a place in the world is the key problem of Russia

Interview of Director of the Caucasus Institute of Peace , Democracy and Development (Tbilisi) with Arminfo news agency

  • by David Stepanyan

  • Tuesday, June 3, 15:21

 During the November summit in Vilnius, only two out of the 6 countries of the “Eastern partnership”, Georgia and Moldova initialed the Association Agreement and DCFTA. What are further prospects of this project of the EU against such a background?

 

 The "Eastern partnership" has become a claim of the European Union to protect its interests in the countries of the post-Soviet area, at least, its western part. I think that the given programme of the EU has implemented its function. Just the "Eastern partnership" has become a catalyst element of certain processes and pushed its member-states towards the geo-political choice. Of course, this has become not so much pleasant scenario for Armenia, as a result of which, Yerevan was forced to make a strict choice. And despite the very core of the eastern partnership, it has pushed its member states towards the choice and understanding of their further development, and values. I  think that in the political context the Eastern partnership has turned to be a rather productive project. The project goes on developing, taking into account the fact that Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine made a choice in favor of Europe, but the rest three countries did not do that. The rest three countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Belarus did not refuse relations with Europe either.  But because of different reasons, they did not find themselves in this European zone. "Nobody knows how the project will go on developing in future. But there is no doubt that it has pushed and developed certain true processes in the geo-politics. 

 

  Armenia’s participation in the Eurasian Union and  Georgia’s in the AA and  DCFTA seem to draw an additional border between our countries. Will this become a trial for the relations between Yerevan and Tbilisi?

 

 The external players have been always aware that Armenia and Georgia have different foreign political vectors. For this reason, Armenia's participation in the Eurasian Union, and Georgia's in the Association Agreement and DCFTA will not become a trial for the relations between Yerevan and Tbilisi. Although the problem of making choice between Russia and the European Union was not put against Yerevan, it was always clear that because of several reasons, in the sphere of security Armenia is oriented towards Russia. However, although security forces us to have different global geo-political vectors, it is in favor of Armenia as well as Georgia to ignore this  fact and develop the relations as much as possible. I think that in general the Georgian=Armenian relations have always  been rather stable, and irrespective of the person being in power in Tbilisi and in Yerevan, nothing changed in these relations. For this reason, the expert sees no pre-requisites for the negative changing of the relations which will go on developing.

 Is availability of the Armenian populated Samtskhe-Javahkh region  another stimulus for development of the Georgian-Armenian relations?

 

 Tthis has positive as well as negative sides. Tthe negative side is expressed in the fact that Georgia has a certain distrust in Samtskhe-Javahkh, proved by numerous negative publications in the Armenian press about the Georgian policy in this region. However, this negative element is from the populist policy sphere. But from the point of view of reality, the situation is normal and Samtskhe-Javahkh populated by Armenians is an additional factor for good relations between Tbilisi and Yerevan.

 Do you think that Russia’s response to westernization of Ukraine is adequate to the challemges that it faces from the West?

 Any actions by any state should be adequate to its interests. The point is, who defines them and what are the national interests of Russia.It has turned out that according to the common laws, the current Russia has a part of a spoiler in the international relations. Its today's task is to get rid of this role or, at least, to spoil the game of other players. And figuratively saying, today  Russia breaks the sand castles built by others according  to the principle "let's see how long they will let us doing it". Maybe, Putin's such position is adequate if it is stemming from the national interests of Russia. However, such games will damage Putin's rating which was high and has become even higher. I do not understand what will Russia gain in a long-term prospect. It is not clear, if Russia will become a really strong country. I think that  in long term prospect Russia will nevertheless lose as  a result of its shortfall policy. Certainly today's response of the West to the challenges and dangers created by Russia is not adequate either, as it could be more distinct and specific.  Nevertheless, the conflict around Ukraine has damaged much the relations of Russia with the West and has resulted in the situation close to the "cold war. I  doubt very much that Russia will win the war. Certainly, Moscow got the first prize in this war – the Ctimea, just the same way as it got Abkhazia and South Ossetia in 2008. Actually, it can also get Lugansk and Donetsk. But I don’t think that shortage of territories today’s key problem of Russia.     

 What are Russia’s problems?

 First of all, Russia faces a problem of necessity of a long-term development and finding its place in the world. Before the USSR split, Russia was one of the poles of the two-pole world. After the USSR split, it became one of the big players at the world arena. But its claims for restoration of the former role do not meet its resources. And as its latest actions show, Moscow  cannot still come to balance between its big ambitions and resources. I think that finding of this balance is the key problem of Russia. It should understand what place it can occupy in the modern world. There are two poles of development in the modern world: democratic and authoritarian.

  But the authoritarian trend is modern today…

 May be. However, today not Russia but China is a key sample of the authoritarian development. Today’s Russia can attract countries only through frightening them. In the current reality, this may have a bad result for Russia first of all. Meanwhile, taking its resources into account, undoubtedly, this country may become a center of attraction at least for its neighboring states.

But all its latest actions, especially in Ukraine, are still directed only towards frightening but not attracting.  For this reason, I think that if in a short-term prospect this may result in consolidation of the Russian community around the power, in the long-term prospect this may have a boomerang effect for Russia.

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